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Section 2 – 2021 Reproduction Royalty Schedule – Non-commercial, Non-advertising


B.1.0 • Guiding Principles

This section of the CARFAC-RAAV Minimum Recommended Fee Schedule establishes guidelines for royalties paid to visual and media artists for reproductions made of their artworks for non-commercial, non-advertising purposes; that is, when the work is reproduced for itself as a work of art, and not presented in conjunction with a product or institution. For advertising and commercial royalties, please see Section 3.

B.1.0.1 What the Royalty covers

A Reproduction Royalty is compensation for the audio-visual, digital, or print reproduction of an artwork. All royalties listed here are considered minimum recommendations. An artist may request a higher royalty, or they may accept a higher royalty if it is offered. All royalties are payable in Canadian dollars, and they are exclusive of applicable taxes.

Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

Additional exhibition royalties or professional services fees may apply. For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Exhibition and Screenings Royalty Schedule, Reproduction Royalty schedule and Artist Professional Services Fees schedule.

Royalties do not include:

  • general equipment (ie: lights, projectors, video, audio, etc) that should be provided by the presenting organization. Special equipment integral to the work is the responsibility of the artist, however if an artist is supplying their own equipment, equipment rental fees should be added. Rental fees for artists’ equipment should match those of the nearest production centre offering similar equipment.
  • publication costs, insurance, shipping, or any other costs associated with the production of an exhibition or other activity.
  • costs related to the production of artwork(s), which should remain negotiable.
  • artists’ travel and accommodation expenses, or per diems payable to the artist so they may attend a site visit, install work, give an artist talk or workshop, attend a reception, etc.
  • presentation, consultation, jury, writing, installation, or preparation fees. Refer to Section 4 Artist Professional Services Fees.

If an artist receives a prestigious award or cash prize, all exhibition and reproduction royalties and professional services fees are to be considered separate from the award amount.

B.1.0.2 What a copyright license covers

A license entitles a user to exhibit or reproduce or use a work in a specified manner. Ownership of a work does not imply a transfer of copyright. Copyright remains the property of the artist unless there is an agreement that states otherwise. We recommend that artists license their rights, rather than assign them.

Moral rights protect a work from associations with unapproved causes or products, and from unapproved alteration or distortion (including overprinting and cropping). They also require that an artist be credited with their creation, unless the artist does not wish to be associated with it.

B.1.0.3 Size of a presenting organization

Unlike rates in the Exhibition and Screening Royalty schedule, we do not currently recommend different rates for Reproduction Royalties according to the host venue’s organizational budget, but some exceptions apply:

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

National Gallery of Canada: Mandatory minimum exhibition and reproduction royalties and professional services fees have been negotiated between CARFAC-RAAV and the NGC since 2015.

Musées nationaux du Québec: Minimum exhibition and reproduction royalties were negotiated between RAAV and the National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec, the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, the Montreal Museum of Contemporary Art and the Quebec Museum of Civilization in 2016, and it has also been endorsed by CARFAC.

B.2.0 • Audio-Visual Reproductions

B.2.1 Reproduction within a cinematographic work

A cinematographic work may be a work of fiction, a documentary, or a work of art, on film, videotape, or digital support. Works originally made on film remain classified as works on film even if the image has been transferred to videotape or digital support. This category includes all productions intended for broadcast.

B.2.1.1 Reproduction of a fixed image in a cinematographic work

The license permits public viewing in local or regional broadcasts. For national or international broadcasts, the royalties are doubled. The license includes all languages, and all types of distribution (screening, broadcast, video sales, etc.). For major productions, the royalty may be tripled.

The royalties are calculated for a 5-year license. For a 10-year use, the basic rate is multiplied by 1.5. For a 25-year use, the basic rate is multiplied by 2.5.

For works used in a documentary profile of an artist, the following rates apply, but the length of the license is increased to in perpetuity.

‘Number of works’ generally refers to the number of images included in a reproduction license. If a license includes works by several artists, ‘number of works’ would refer to the number of images contributed by each artist, for the purposes of calculating the royalties. For special projects where a number of works by the same artist are used, a nominal royalty of $300 may be offered.

For non-profit cultural or educational projects, the royalty is reduced by 50%, or the conditions negotiated.

Royalties do not cover the use of work for promotion of the project. For such uses, Commercial Reproduction royalties apply.

Number of works Work appears in background or as a prop (per work) Work featured or used as character (per work) Work plays a central role (per work)
1 – 4 $245 $608 $852
5 – 14 $179 $487 $678
15 – 29 $153 $414 $598
30 – 49 $122 $333 $467
50+ $107 $293 $408

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.2.1.2 Work used in a television series

Number of Episodes Royalty per work
1-4 Base royalty (B.2.1.1)
5-9 2 x base royalty (B.2.1.1)
10-50 3 x base royalty (B.2.1.1)
Over 50 5 x base royalty (B.2.1.1)

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.2.1.3 Reproduction of a moving image or audio work in a cinematographic work

The royalties below are calculated for a 10-year period. The licenses include all territories, languages, and all types of distribution.

The rates are paid per work. For several extracts of the same work in the same project, total duration is used to calculate the rate.

The royalties do not cover promotional uses. For promotional items, such as posters, T-shirts, publicity, commercial reproduction rates apply. See Section 3.

Duration Production budget of film
Up to $20K Up to $50K Up to $100K Up to $500K Up to $5M Over $5M
Extract of 5 seconds or less $121 $139 $211 $276 $416 $749
Each additional second $8.32 $16.65 $19.77 $19.77 $19.77 $19.77

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.2.2 Public Projection and Audio Presentation

Licenses are required for the public projection of slides, transparencies, and audio presentations of digital or like formats reproducing original works. These rates do not apply to original works conceived as projections (see Exhibition and Screening Royalties).

‘Number of works’ generally refers to the number of images included in a reproduction license. If a license includes works by several artists, ‘number of works’ would refer to the number of images contributed by each artist, for the purposes of calculating the royalties.

B.2.2.1 Projection of a fixed image

These royalties apply when an artist’s work is projected in a public presentation, such as a lecture, panel presentation, or workshop. The rates given below are per image. The rates are for copyright licensing only and do not include material costs or purchase costs related to creating or sharing a reproduction.

‘Number of works’ generally refers to the number of images included in a reproduction license. If a license includes works by several artists, ‘number of works’ would refer to the number of images contributed by each artist, for the purposes of calculating the royalties.

Number of images licensed
1 – 4 5 -12 13-24 25-49 50-99 100 +
Single projection (per image) $16.96 $15.54 $10.60 $9.19 $5.65 $4.22
Multiple Projections,
up to 3 months (per image)
$26.73 $22.58 $16.96 $14.14 $9.19 $7.78
Multiple Projections,
one year (per image)
$38.13 $29.66 $22.58 $19.76 $12.01 $9.19
Each additional month (per image) $1.36 $1.07 $0.82 $0.69 $0.42 $0.36

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.2.2.2 Projection of video, film, or electronic art

These royalties apply to the projection of film, video, or electronic art in a public, non-exhibition, screening, or audio presentation context, such as a lecture, panel presentation, or workshop. Royalties for media art in public exhibitions or screening/presentation contexts are found in the Exhibition and Screening Royalty schedule.

For educational use of media artworks, where an educational institution purchases physical copies and a long-term license of media art for use in a specific institution’s context, or where they purchase a streaming license of a digital file for online learning platforms, refer to Section 2 of the Independent Media Arts Alliance (IMAA) fee schedule.

Please note that if a work is obtained from a distributor, royalties rates may differ and will be included in the distribution agreement and paid to artists by the distributor.

Works up to 15 minutes in length Works up to 30 minutes in length Works over 60 minutes in length
Single presentation $136 $200 $272
Multiple presentations, up to 3 months $510 $663 $765

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.2.3 Reproductions in photographic or digital formats for private use

This category permits the reproduction of work in photographic or digital formats where the reproduction is intended for sale for private use only. Such private use includes consultation in a library or archive.

Where such reproductions are purchased for public presentation or for use in television, video, or film, use rates given in B.2.2.

Number of copies of same work 1-5 6-20 21-50 51-100 101-250 0ver 250
Rate per work $27 $36 $69 $143 $265 $618

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3 • Digital and Electronic Reproductions

B.3.0 Internet

These royalties apply to the presentation of a digital reproduction of a work on the internet, considered to be an electronic publication. For exhibitions of works of art conceived for the internet, please use Exhibition and Screening Royalty schedules.

Internet use is necessarily world-wide, so licenses are issued for world-wide use.

Licenses specify parameters of digitization and electronic publication (i.e. maximum dpi, protection against unauthorized downloading, etc). Removal of the image from a database or website is required once the license is expired.

These are non-commercial, non-advertising rates. They apply where the user organization (collectives, museums, artist-run centres and so on) has a mandate to promote visual or media art and/or artists. For all other types of use, please refer to the commercial rates in Section 3.

The rates given are per work. ‘Number of works’ generally refers to the number of images included in a reproduction license. If a license includes works by several artists, ‘number of works’ would refer to the number of images contributed by each artist, for the purposes of calculating the royalties.

B.3.1 Digital reproductions related to exhibitions and screenings

For exhibitions where CARFAC-RAAV exhibition and screening royalties have been paid, or when an artist is paid above these guidelines, discounted rates for digital promotion of the work are available for reproductions directly promoting the exhibition.

A royalty of $25 per work per support is recommended for the following: e-invitations, website posts, electronic brochures, mobile applications,  not-for-sale digital exhibition catalogues, and publicity in journals or periodicals. The special rate does not apply to digital publications that are offered for sale.

For social media, the royalty of $25 is a flat fee per artist whose work(s) are used, per platform. For all other uses, the royalty is paid for each usage.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.2 Moving images on the internet

This category includes video or film works, interactive works, and sound works. If an extract is used on a banner page of a website, the applicable royalty is doubled. If the work is to be included in an online exhibition, exhibition royalties are due. See Exhibition and Screening Royalty Schedule. If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

Licenses are issued for up to one year. Longer licenses may be negotiated. For the inclusion of non-interactive video, film or sound works in archives or long-term projects, the royalty is $250 per work, for a five-year license. For the inclusion of interactive works in archives or long-term projects, the royalty is $250 per work, per year.

Non-profit cultural organization For-profit organization
Duration 1 month 3 months Each additional
month
1 month 3 months Each additional
month
Up to 10 second extract $35.37 $103 $6.24 $69.71 $203 $12.48
Each additional second $16.65 $16.65 $3.12 $20.81 $20.81 $3.12

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.3 Fixed images on the internet

These rates are for non-commercial, non-advertising uses by non-profit organizations with a cultural mandate. All others should use the rates listed in Section 3. If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

All royalties are flat rates for the duration of the use, payable per artist/per image/per use, unless otherwise stated.

For the security of images on the internet, it is recommended that images be used at a resolution of 72 dpi, that watermarks be placed on images if possible, and that a copyright notice be placed in proximity to the image.

The royalty for uses related to exhibition promotion where CARFAC/RAAV-level exhibition royalties have been paid, the rate is $25 per work. See B.3.1.

For images posted on a museum website, and not part of an exhibition where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, the rate is $50 per work. If an artwork appears on a homepage or in the foreground, the rate is $100. Digitizing and archiving of the work is included.

For images posted on a museum intranet terminal, interactive installations, media-guides and other derivative involving a scan for public communication, the rate is $30 per work. If an artwork appears on a homepage or in the foreground, the rate is $60. Digitization of the work is included.

For works included in an online catalogue of a collection, an online archive, or database where little interpretation beyond simple identification of the work is offered, or in a pdf-style publication, the rate is $100 per work per website. If a work is used in more than one location on a website, 20% is added for each additional use. For works appearing on a home page, the rate is doubled. For a network intranet, or an internet site with limited access (i.e. password subscription), the applicable rate is $50.

For online exhibitions of still-image works, illustration of non-advertising texts, or other projects which offer interpretation of the work, the rate is $50 per work per use.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.3.1 Mobile applications

For Mobile Applications and other derivatives involving a scan for public communication either within a presenting institution or to be downloaded for private use, the rate is $50 per work. If an artwork appears in the foreground, the rate is doubled. Digitization of the work is included, and there is no limit on the number of media. If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.3.2 Social Media

For images posted on social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Google+, Instagram, Pinterest, Linkedin, Snapchat, etc, the royalty is $13 per work, per platform. Digitizing and archiving of the work are included.

If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.3.3 Electronic newsletters, press releases, and blogs

For images posted in an electronic newsletter, press release, blog, etc., the royalty is $13 per work, per posting or mailing, with no limit on the number of recipients. Digitizing and archiving of the work are included.

If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.4 Digital publications

This section deals with e-Catalogues, e-magazines, e-books, etc. sold online or distributed online for free. If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

B.3.4.1 Digital publications distributed for free

The royalty is $50 per work. The royalty for a cover reproduction is $170 per work.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.4.2 Digital publications distributed for sale

The royalty is $74 per work. The royalty for a cover reproduction is $297 per work. A new license is required beyond 1,000 downloads.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.5 Digital Media

B.3.5.1 Digital media intended for private use

The royalties listed are for use on a CD-ROM, DVD, USB, or other digital media, distributed within Canada. For North American use, add 50%. For world-wide use, the rate is doubled. For educational uses, the rates are reduced by 50%. If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

In some circumstances, royalties may be paid in the form of an advance payment upon a signed agreement, and/or may include a percentage of the proceeds of sale.

‘Number of works’ generally refers to the number of images included in a reproduction license. If a license includes works by several artists, ‘number of works’ would refer to the number of images contributed by each artist, for the purposes of calculating the royalties.

Number of works (per work) Number of copies produced
Up to 500 501 – 1,000 1,001 – 3,000 3,001 – 10,000 10,001 – 20,000 20,001 – 50,000 50,001 – 100,000 Over 100,000
1-9 $96 $136 $192 $265 $371 $520 $727 $1,020
10-49 $80 $107 $153 $215 $297 $417 $582 $816
50-99 $60 $90 $123 $172 $241 $339 $473 $664
100 and over $47 $69 $96 $133 $185 $261 $365 $508

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.3.5.2 Digital media and databases intended for public use

An example of public use would be an interpretive centre in a museum or other cultural institution.

The royalties listed are for use on a CD-ROM, DVD, USB, or other digital media, distributed within Canada. For world-wide use, the rate is doubled. For North American use, add 50%. If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

Licenses must be renewed each time a new edition of copies is produced.

‘Number of works’ generally refers to the number of images included in a reproduction license. If a license includes works by several artists, ‘number of works’ would refer to the number of images contributed by each artist, for the purposes of calculating the royalties.

Number of copies produced
1-50 CDs, etc 51 + CDs, etc.
1-9 works $139 $174
10-49 works $108 $139
50-99 works $90 $109
100 and more $73 $91

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4 • Print Reproduction

The royalties are for non-advertising uses. Please see Section 3 for advertising and commercial uses. Non-advertising use includes items bearing reproductions promoting the work itself, the artist, or an exhibition including the work. Other promotional items, such as brochures promoting a museum, must use applicable advertising schedules.

Authorization for reproduction is usually for a specific print run. The rightsholder has the right to demand and receive proof of the print run, such as a copy of the print invoice.

B.4.1 Print reproductions related to exhibitions and screenings

For exhibitions where CARFAC-RAAV exhibition and screening royalties have been paid, or when an artist is paid above these guidelines, discounted rates for digital promotion of the work are available for reproductions directly promoting the exhibition.

A royalty of $25 per work per support is recommended for the following: promotional invitations, tickets, print brochures, press kits, newsletters, signage, banners, posters, and annual reports. The special rate does not apply to print publications.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.2 Publications

B.4.2.1 Books and catalogues offered for sale

The following royalty applies to all books offered for sale, including exhibition catalogues, art books, textbooks, and illustrated books.

For the front or back cover of a book, the royalty is $300. If more than one image appears on a cover, the full rate is applied to each image.

Royalties for image use inside the catalogue or book are based on the retail price and print run of books available for retail sale (ie: sold in a museum gift shop) and print run of books not available for retail sale (ie: retained by the museum staff, distributed to other museums or libraries, etc), as well as the number of pages containing an artist’s illustrations and the number of pages containing an artist’s work.

Image use inside the catalogue or book:

Y = (10% of Retail Price multiplied by the Print Run for Retail Sale)
+ (5% of Retail Price multiplied by Print Run Not for Retail Sale)

T = Y divided by number of pages containing illustrations

Payment to Artist = T multiplied by the number of pages of Artist’s work

Example:

Retail Price of a book with 120 pages = $50

Print Run for Retail Sale = 1,000

Print Run Not for Retail Sale = 200

Total number of pages with illustrations = 100 pages

Total number of pages with illustrations by Artist = 5 pages

Y = [10% x ($50 x 1,000)] + [5% x ($50 x 200)] = $5,500

T = $5,500 ÷ 100 pages = $55 per page

Payment to Artist = $55 x 5 pages = $275 + fees for usage on front or back cover, if applicable

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.2.2 Publications distributed free of charge

The following royalty applies to all books, including exhibition catalogues or education brochures accompanying an exhibition, distributed free of charge, that do not have a subscription rate or single-issue price, and do not work as advertising. For advertising rates. see Section 3.

It also includes newsletters, newspapers, folders, booklets, internal reports for a business, etc that are distributed free of charge, that do not have a subscription rate or single-issue price, and do not work as advertising. For advertising rates, see Section 3.

For brochures for cultural or educational organizations, refer to the rates below. For non-advertising brochures for a business, the rates below are doubled.

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

If more than one image appears on a cover, the full-page rate for each image is used.

Image size Print run size
Up to 1K 1,001 to 3K 3,001 to 10K 10,001 to 20K 20,001 to 50K 50,001 to 100K 100,001 to 200K 200,001 to 500K 500,001 to 1M Over 1M
Up to 1/8 page, thumbnail $36 $48 $80 $106 $121 $144 $193 $380 $429 $640
Up to 1/4 page $49 $75 $116 $160 $181 $218 $290 $581 $654 $968
Up to 1/2 page $63 $95 $145 $199 $224 $272 $365 $725 $818 $1,209
Up to full page $75 $153 $176 $241 $270 $326 $432 $875 $980 $1,452
Back cover $91 $139 $212 $290 $326 $393 $520 $1,044 $1,178 $1,743
Front cover $126 $192 $293 $404 $454 $544 $722 $1,455 $1,636 $2,419

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.2.3 Magazines, Journals, Periodicals, Newspapers offered for sale

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

For non-profit publishers of magazines, journals, periodicals or newspapers, the rates are reduced by 50%.

If the work appears in the foreground of the reproduction and is prominently featured, use the rates listed below.

For a front or back cover image that is 1/3 page or less in size, the full-page rate applies. For an image that appears on the cover page of an inside section of a newspaper, the back cover rate applies. For a single reproduction on a page without text (excluding credit line), the full page rate applies regardless of image size.

For works appearing as decoration or in the background, the rate is reduced by 50%.

For subsequent reprints of a portion of a publication, use B.4.2.2 rates.

Image size Print run size
Up to 1000 1,001 to 3000 3,001 to 10,000 10,001 to 20,000 20,001 to 50,000 50,001 to 100,000 Over 100,001
Up to 1/8 page, thumbnail $45 $52 $86 $133 $174 $262 $351
Up to 1/4 page $49 $61 $102 $153 $200 $304 $404
Up to 1/2 page $74 $92 $147 $220 $295 $444 $588
Up to full page $98 $124 $198 $295 $397 $592 $786
Back cover $109 $144 $219 $326 $437 $658 $879
Front cover $221 $278 $445 $665 $857 $1,330 $1,774

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.3 Cards, Postcards, Invitations, Greeting Cards, Etc.

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

B.4.3.1 Cards not offered for sale

For exhibition promotion, the royalty is $25, provided that CARFAC-RAAV exhibition and screening royalties have been paid. For all others, the rate is $0.17 per card.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.3.2 Cards offered for sale

The rate is normally 10% of the retail price of the full print run, payable in advance.

Royalties are to be paid on the entire print run, whether sold or not, and are payable in advance. In some circumstances, royalties due may be paid in the form of an advance payment plus a percentage of the proceeds of sale.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.4 Posters

Mechanical reproductions erroneously referred to as “limited edition prints” are included in this category. Please see CARFAC Advisory Notes, Original Prints and Reproductions, and When is a Photocopy an Original Print? on the differences between artists’ prints and these reproductions, and the standards for labeling such.

Size is determined by the total area of the support on which the reproduction appears.

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

B.4.4.1 Posters not offered for sale

Size of reproduction Print run size
Up to 250 251 – 500 501 -1K 1,001 – 5K 5,001 – 10K 10,001 – 25K Over 25K
600 cm2 or less $154 $285 $323 $371 $487 $631 $827
601 to 2400 cm2 $196 $365 $413 $472 $618 $804 $1,049
2401 to 4 000 cm2 $246 $458 $519 $593 $779 $1,015 $1,321
4 001 à 8 000 cm2 $341 $627 $715 $816 $1,070 $1,393 $1,817
8 001 to 24 000 cm2 $463 $855 $972 $1,113 $1,458 $1,899 $2,476
24 001 to 60 000 cm2 $599 $1,107 $1,259 $1,438 $1,885 $2,455 $3,205
Over 60 000 cm2 $780 $1,444 $1,637 $1,873 $2,455 $3,195 $4,170

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.4.2 Posters offered for sale

A royalty of 10% of the retail price of the entire print run, payable in advance may be negotiated, or double the rates listed in B.4.4.1 may be used instead.

For editions of artists’ prints, such as numbered and signed lithographs, the royalties may be calculated as follows: double the rates in B.4.4.1, payable in advance, plus 10% of the retail price payable periodically as specified in the license.

For other sorts of editions, the royalties may take the form of an advance payment plus a percentage of the proceeds of sale.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.5 Calendars and Agendas

B.4.5.1 Calendars and agendas not offered for sale

If a reproduction appears on both the cover and an inside page, the royalty for the inside reproduction is reduced by 50%.

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

Print run size
Up to 1K 1,001 to 3K 3,001 to 10K 10,001 to 20K 20,001 to 50K 50,001 to 100K 100,001 to 200K 200,001 to 500K Over 500K
Inside image $95 $140 $209 $311 $465 $700 $1,049 $1,160 $1,815
Cover $126 $189 $282 $421 $628 $946 $1,717 $2,059 $2,597

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.5.2 Calendars and agendas offered for sale

If the calendar or agenda contains works by one artist only, the royalty is 10% of the retail price of the entire print run, payable in advance. When the calendar or agenda contains works by more than one artist, the royalty is determined by dividing 10% of the retail price of the print run by the number of images (to get a rate per image), multiplied by the number of works by artists. The total amount paid to all participating artists must not be less than 10% of the retail price of the print run.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.6 Billboards, banners, plaques, etc.

Royalties for images on billboards not used for advertising purposes are $780 per billboard for 1-10 sites, for a duration up to three months. Discounted rates for additional billboards are negotiable.

Royalties for images on banners, street flags, or plaques not used for advertising purposes are $780 per support for a duration up to three months.

For permanently installed billboards, banners, or panels, the appropriate royalty is doubled. For advertising rates, see Section 3. If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.7 Objects bearing reproductions

This category includes items such as puzzles, crockery, t-shirts, souvenir items, etc. that do not have an advertising function – only the name of the artist or the title of the work may appear. Items promoting anything other than the artist or the work must use Section 3.

In some instances, royalties for commercial edition projects may take the form of an advance payment plus a percentage of the proceeds of sale.

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

The royalty is 10% of the retail price of the entire production run, payable in advance. For some commercial projects, the royalties maybe paid in the form of a lump sum at the signature of the contract, with scheduled payments on the profits of sale.

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.8 Packaging of products or items that promote the work itself or the artist

Items in this category include CDs, puzzles, DVDs, etc. that promote the artist’s work itself. For all other packaging, refer to Section 3.

If a reproduction appears on both the cover and an inside page, the royalty for the inside reproduction is reduced by 50%; for subsequent uses use 33% of the applicable rate.

The royalties listed apply to licenses for use within Canada. For world-wide rights, the rate is doubled. For North American rights, the rate is increased by 50%.

Print run size
Up to 300 300 to 1K 1,001 to 5K 5,001 to 10K 10,001 to 25K 25,001 to 100K Over 100K
Inside $116 $351 $541 $808 $1,216 $1,632 negotiable
Cover $236 $701 $1,078 $1,618 $2,475 $3,260 negotiable

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.

B.4.9 Press Packets

Royalties cover the reproductions included in the press packets distributed to print, electronic, or other media. The license and rates apply only to the institution distributing the press packet and not to the use by media or other third parties.

Up to 2 additional images, not included in the packet but available to the press upon request, may be added at the rates listed. Additional “on-demand” reproductions require an updated license, if not originally included, at a rate of $10 per image.

If the work is used to promote an exhibition or screening where CARFAC-RAAV royalties are met, refer to B.3.1.

Number of packets
Up to 25 26 to 100 Over 100
Per work $85 $426 $684

See B.1.0.1: What the Royalty covers

For other related royalties and fees payable to visual and media artists, see the relevant category of the Reproduction Royalty schedule, Exhibition and Screenings Royalty schedule and/or Professional Services Fees schedule.

*Specific agreements negotiated under the Status of the Artist Act

Mandatory minimum royalties have been negotiated separately with the NGC and the Quebec national museums, under Status of the Artist legislation.

Note: Copyright collectives, such as Copyright Visual Arts (CARCC) may request higher royalties for their affiliated artists.